Top 10 British Prime Ministers
A state rich in history, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland has had a long list of leaders. Great Britain saw its very first ministerial cabinet created during the reign of King George I. When the latter stopped attending his ministers’ meetings, they had to ensure internal governance. History generally considers Sir Robert Walpole to be the very first to assume the post of Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. His successors were many, and particularly significant during the post-war period. This is the top 10 most prominent prime ministers in the United Kingdom.
Perhaps Britain’s most prominent prime minister, Churchill has left his mark on history and the people in more than one way. This great orator, writer and leader was Prime Minister twice, from 1940 to 1945 and from 1951 to 1955. Sir Winston Churchill, a man of opinion and almost a character, at the head of the Conservative Party, led the United Kingdom to victory during the Second World War.
Clement Attlee of the Labour Party was elected in 1945 and served as Prime Minister until 1951. Attlee has presided over the decolonization of several countries, including India, Pakistan and Jordan. Internally, he is responsible for improving several public domain services, including health services and the nationalization of several industries.
Born on October 13, 1925, Margaret Thatcher marked the history of Britain. The Baroness known as “the Iron Lady” became the first woman to hold the post of Prime Minister in the United Kingdom. She was the head of the country from 1979 to 1990, which also makes her the longest person to hold this position in more than 150 years. Margaret Thatcher was the leader of the Conservative Party.
This Scottish-born prime minister was elected in 1997. He held the position of head of government for an astonishing ten years, making him the longest-serving Labour Party Prime Minister. Tony Blair was prime minister during the Northern Ireland peace process and the terrorist attacks of September 11th and July 7th. He is at the root of several public domain reforms.
Sir John Major had a very long-term as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. The leader of the Conservative Party was head of the British government from 1990 to 1997. He stands out from most 20th century prime ministers for not having obtained a university education. However, this did not prevent him from leading during the state’s longest period of economic growth.
Harold Wilson was Prime Minister from 1964 to 1970 and from 1974 to 1976. The leader of the Labour Party initiated several major social changes for Britain. He was at the root of the abolition of the death penalty and the decriminalization of homosexuality. He also reformed, for instance, the areas of education, health, housing, gender equality and child poverty.
Nicknamed “Supermac”, Harold Macmillan was Prime Minister from 1957 to 1963, serving two terms. After receiving a top-quality university education and serving in both World Wars, he made his debut in the Conservative Party as Minister of Housing. He quickly took over the leadership of the party and, following his election, he distanced Britain from the horrors of apartheid and became actively involved in decolonization and the establishment of a nuclear weapons test ban.
Born on March 27th 1912, James Callaghan of the Labour Party was Prime Minister from 1976 to 1979. A child of the Great Depression, Callaghan experienced extreme poverty. He is the only Prime Minister to have held the other 3 important positions in the ministerial cabinet, namely Chancellor of the Exchequer – Minister of Finance and Treasury -, Secretary of State and Minister of Foreign Affairs.
The late David Lloyd George was Prime Minister of Great Britain from 1916 to 1922. The only Galois to have held this title, the man at the head of the Liberal Party was known for his radical ideals. The United Kingdom owes him, among other things, the increase in the school age to 14, the hiring of women and the prohibition on hiring children under 14 years of age in mines, construction sites, factories and the railway and transport sector.
Elected in 1970, Sir Edward Heath of the Conservative Party was Prime Minister for only one term, four years. The first of the Conservatives to come from a working class family, Heath became head of the United Kingdom government at a time of economic decline and industrial upheaval. He brought Britain into the former supranational organization, the European Community.
A nation rich in history, Great Britain has had 75 prime ministers since its very first, Sir Robert Walpole, who became head of the ministry in 1721. This was followed by 73 men and one woman with sometimes very different political ideals, but all motivated by a common goal: to make the United Kingdom and its people prosper.
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